Dica: Past Perfect x Simple Past

By 7 de novembro de 2017Vocabulary

O Past Perfect é formado usando o verbo auxiliar have no passado (had) + o particípio passado do verbo principal. Quando temos duas ações no passado, uma acontecendo depois da outra, usamos o Past Perfect na primeira ação.

 

 

[do_widget id=text-3]

 

 

Vejamos alguns exemplos:

 

The thieves ran away. Then the police arrived.

[Os ladrões fugiram. Depois a policia chegou.]

 

 

The thieves had run away when the police arrived.

[Os ladrões tinham fugido quando a policia chegou.]

 

 

The store closed. Then I got there.

[A loja fechou. Então eu cheguei lá.]

 

 

The store had closed when I got there.

[A loja tinha fechado quando eu cheguei lá.]

 

 

They ate everything. Then I arrived at the party.

[Eles comeram tudo. Depois eu cheguei na festa.]

 

They had eaten everything when/by the time I arrived at the party.

[Eles tinham comido tudo quando eu cheguei na festa.]

 

 

Agora vamos praticar um pouco, tendo as frases acima como exemplo, forme frases semelhantes usando o Past Perfect.

 

The rain started. Then we left the beach.
She left the country. Then I tried calling her several times.
Someone took money out of my purse. Then I found it.
The stores closed. Then I got into town. (use by the time)

 

Veja as respostas…

The rain had started when we left the beach.
She had left the country when I tried calling her several times.
Someone had taken money out of my purse when I found it.
The stores had closed by the time I got into town.

Leave a Reply