Lista de verbos irregulares em inglês

Lista de verbos irregulares em inglês

Os verbos irregulares do idioma inglês são todos aqueles que não seguem a regra geral de formação do Passado e do Particípio Passado.


A formação do “Past” (Passado) e do “Past Participle” (Particípio Passado), de acordo com a regra geral, se dá através do sufixo –ed.



Exemplo: o verbo “to walk” (caminhar) é regular e seu passado é “walked” e seu particípio passado também é “walked”:

I walk (Eu caminho);

I walked (Eu caminhei);

I have walked (Eu tenho caminhado).

Portanto, todo verbo que não seguir este padrão, será classificado de irregular.


Em relação à conjugação, nada diferem dos verbos regulares. A única mudança que ocorre é na terceira pessoa do singular no presente afirmativo. Lembramos ainda que o único verbo que foge a esta regra é o “to be” (ser e estar).


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Infinitivo Passado Simples Particípio Passado Tradução
Abide Abode/Abided Abode/Abided/Abidden suportar, residir
Alight Alit/Alighted Alit/Alighted descer, aterrar, aterrisar
Arise arose arisen surgir; erguer-se
Awake awoke awoken despertar
Bear bore borne suportar; dar a luz
Beat beat beaten bater
Become became become tornar-se
Begin began begun começar
Behold beheld beheld contemplar
Bend bent bent curvar, entortar
Bet bet bet apostar
Be was; were been ser; estar
Bid Bade Bidden lançar em leilão, licitar, convidar
Bind bound bound unir; encadernar
Bite bit bitten morder
Bleed bled bled sangrar
Blow blew blown soprar; explodir
Break broke broken quebrar
Breed bred bred procriar, reproduzir
Bring brought brought trazer
Broadcast broadcast broadcast irradiar, transmitir (via TV ou rádio)
Build built built construir
Burn Burnt/Burned Burnt/Burned queimar
Burst Burst Burst arrebentar, explodir, brotar
Bust Bust Bust quebrar, proibir, prender
Buy bought bought comprar
Cast cast cast arremessar, atirar
Catch caught caught pegar, apanhar
Choose chose chosen escolher
Clap Clapped/Clapt Clapped/Clapt aplaudir
Cling Clung Clung unir-se
Clothe Clad/Clothed Clad/Clothed vestir
Come came come vir
Cost cost cost custar
Creep crept crept rastejar
Cut cut cut cortar
Dare Dared/Durst Dared ousar, desafiar
Deal dealt dealt negociar, tratar
Dig dug dug cavar
Dive Dived/Dove Dived mergulhar
Do did done fazer
Draw drew drawn desenhar
Dream Dreamt/Dreamed Dreamt/Dreamed sonhar
Drink drank drunk beber
Drive drove driven dirigir (veículo)
Dwell Dwelt Dwelt habitar
Eat ate eaten comer
Fall fell fallen cair
Feed fed fed alimentar
Feel felt felt sentir
Fight fought fought lutar
Find found found encontrar
Fit Fit/Fitted Fit/Fitted combinar, ajustar, alugar
Flee fled fled fugir, escapar
Fling Flung Flung arremessar
Fly flew flown voar; pilotar
Forbid forbade forbidden proibir
Forecast Forecast/Forecasted Forecast/Forecasted prever
Forget forgot forgotten esquecer
Forgive forgave forgiven perdoar
Forsake Forsook Forsaken abandonar
Freeze froze frozen congelar
Frostbite Frostbit Frostbitten causar ulceração pelo frio
Get got gotten obter
Give gave given dar
Go went gone ir
Grind ground ground moer
Grow grew grown crescer; cultivar
Handwrite Handwrote Handwritten escrever a mão
Hang Hung/Hanged Hung/Hanged enforcar, travar
Have had had ter
Hear heard heard ouvir
Hide hid hidden esconder
Hit hit hit bater, atingir
Hold held held segurar; abraçar
Hurt hurt hurt ferir, machucar; magoar
Inlay Inlaid Inlaid enquadrar
Input Input/Inputted Input/Inputted colocar dados ou programas num computador
Interlay Interlaid Interlaid ficar no meio ou entre
Keep kept kept manter
Kneel Knelt/Kneeled Knelt/Kneeled ajoelhar-se
Knit Knit/Knitted Knit/Knitted tricotar, atar
Know knew known saber; conhecer
Lay laid laid pôr; botar ovos
Lead led led liderar
Lean Leant/Leaned Leant/Leaned inclinar, apoiar-se
Leap Leapt/Leaped Leapt/Leaped saltar, pular
Learn Learnt/Learned Learnt/Learned estudar, aprender
Leave left left deixar, partir
Lend lent lent emprestar
Let let let deixar
Lie lay lain deitar
Light Lit Lit clarear, acender
Lose lost lost perder
Make made made fazer, fabricar
Mean meant meant significar
Meet met met encontrar; conhecer
Melt Melted Molten/Melted derreter, fundir
Mislead Misled Misled enganar, iludir
Mistake Mistook Mistaken errar
Misunderstand Misunderstood Misunderstood entender mal, enganar-se
Miswed Miswed/Miswedded Miswed/Miswedded casar impropriamente
Mow Mowed Mown cortar grama
Overcome overcame overcome superar
Overdraw Overdrew Overdrawn emitir cheques sem fundos, exagerar
Overhear Overheard Overheard ouvir por acaso
Overtake overtook overtaken alcançar; conseguir
Pay paid paid pagar
Preset Preset Preset preparar anteriormente
Prove Proved Proven/Proved provar, mostrar
Put put put pôr, colocar
Quit quit quit desistir, abandonar
Re-prove Re-proved Re-proven/Re-proved reprovar, censurar
Read /riid/ read /réd/ read /réd/ ler
Ride rode ridden cavalgar; andar (de bicicleta); passear
Rid Rid/Ridded Rid/Ridded libertar, resgatar
Ring rang rung tocar (campainha)
Rise rose risen erguer-se
Rive Rived Riven/Rived rachar
Run ran run correr; concorrer (em eleição)
Saw sawed sawn serrar
Say said said dizer
Seek sought sought buscar; procurar
See saw seen ver
Sell sold sold vender
Send sent sent enviar
Set set set pôr, colocar; ajustar
Sew Sewed Sewn/Sewed costurar
Shake shook shaken tremer
Shave Shaved Shaven/Shaved fazer a barba
Shear Shore/Sheared Shorn/Sheared tosquiar
Shed shed shed derramar
Shine shone shone brilhar, reluzir
Shoe Shod Shod calçar
Shoot shot shot atirar; filmar
Show showed shown mostar, exibir
Shrink shrank shrunk encolher
Shut shut shut fechar
Sing sang sung cantar
Sink sank sunk afundar
Sit sat sat sentar
Slay slew slain matar, assassinar
Sleep slept slept dormir
Slide slid slid deslizar, escorregar
Sling Slung Slung elevar, erguer
Slink Slunk Slunk fugir
Slit Slit Slit fender, rachar
Smell Smelt/Smelled Smelt/Smelled cheirar, feder
Sneak Sneaked/Snuck Sneaked/Snuck andar de rastos, alcagüetar, furtar
Soothsay Soothsaid Soothsaid fazer profecia, prever
Sow Sowed Sown semear
Speak spoke spoken falar
Speed Sped/Speeded Sped/Speeded ser feliz, mover-se com velocidade
Spell Spelt/Spelled Spelt/Spelled soletrar, enfeitiçar
Spend spent spent gastar
Spill Spilt/Spilled Spilt/Spilled derramar
Spin spun spun fazer girar
Spit spit / spat spit / spat cuspir
Split Split Split separar, fender, rachar
Spoil Spoilt/Spoiled Spoilt/Spoiled corromper, saquear
Spread spread spread espalhar; disseminar, difundir
Spring sprang sprung saltar
Stand stood stood ficar em pé; suportar
Steal stole stolen furtar
Stick stuck stuck fincar, enfiar
Sting stung stung picar, ferroar
Stink stank stunk feder
Stride Strode/Strided Stridden caminhar, cavalgar
Strike struck struck golpear; atacar
String Strung Strung encordoar, amarrar, afinar
Strip Stript/Stripped Stript/Stripped despir, descascar
Strive strove striven esforçar-se
Sublet Sublet Sublet sublocar
Sunburn Sunburned/Sunburnt Sunburned/Sunburnt bonzear-se, bronzear
Swear swore sworn jurar
Sweat Sweat/Sweated Sweat/Sweated suar
Sweep swept swept varrer
Swell Swelled Swollen inchar-se, crescer
Swim swam swum nadar
Swing swung swung balançar
Take took taken tomar
Teach taught taught ensinar; lecionar
Tear tore torn rasgar
Tell told told contar
Think thought thought pensar
Thrive Throve/Thrived Thriven/Thrived prosperar, enriquecer
Throw threw thrown jogar, atirar
Thrust Thrust Thrust empurrar, ferir
Tread Trod Trodden pisar, andar, passear
Undergo underwent undergone submeter-se a
Understand understood understood entender
Undertake Undertook Undertaken empreender, aventurar-se
Uphold upheld upheld sustentar; apoiar
Upset Upset Upset derrubar, preocupar
Vex Vext/Vexed Vext/Vexed irritar, perseguir
Wake Woke Woken acordar
Wear wore worn vestir; usar (roupa)
Weave Wove Woven tecer, trançar
Wed Wed/Wedded Wed/Wedded desposar, casar com
Weep Wept Wept chorar, gotejar
Wend Wended/Went Wended/Went viajar, dirigir
Wet Wet/Wetted Wet/Wetted umedecer, molhar
Wind /uaind/ wound /uaund/ wound /uaund/ enrolar; dar corda
Win won won vencer
Withdraw Withdrew Withdrawn bater em retirada, sacar, retirar
Withhold Withheld Withheld impedir, reter
Withstand Withstood Withstood opor-se a-
Wring Wrung Wrung torcer, puxar
Write wrote written escrever
Zinc Zinced/Zincked Zinced/Zincked recobrir com zinco

Veja mais:

Modal Verbs

Resumão: Verbos em Inglês

Verbo TO BE

Exercise – Gerund after prepositions

Quiz: Antonyms


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